The Philippines is made up of more than 7,000 islands, but only 11 of them are home to the majority of its rapidly expanding population.
Approximately 20 active volcanoes can cause eruptions and earthquakes in the country's mountainous interior. Typhoons and other storms frequently pound it.
The Philippines, which had been a Spanish colony for more than three centuries and was named after a Spanish king from the sixteenth century, were taken over by the US in the early 20th century following a protracted uprising against Spanish rule.
Particularly in terms of language, religion, and governance, influences from the US and Spain are still very strong. Full independence under a constitution in the US-style came after self-rule in 1935.
As a close ally, the US has contributed military assistance to counter insurgencies by communists and Islamists.
- with capital letters. Manila.
- Area:. 300,000 sq km.
- Population:. 11035300 billion.
- Languages:. Regional languages are added to Filipino and English.
- the length of life. (Men) 74 years old; (Women) 70 years old.
Mr. Ferdinand Marcos Jr.
In the election held in May 2022, the dictatorial President Ferdinand Marcos' son easily won.
Rodrigo Duterte, a fiery politician who rose to power in 2016 on the promise of waging a no-holds-barred war against crime, drugs, and corruption, was succeeded by him.
In order to unite two populist right-wing dynasties, President Marcos, also known by the nickname Bongbong, appointed Sara Duterte, the outgoing president's daughter, as his vice president.
Much of the media is governed by or influenced by powerful commercial interests.
Free-to-air networks ABS-CBN and GMA rule the vibrant TV scene. There are numerous radio stations, and the newspaper industry is active.
Although the freedom of the press is guaranteed by the constitution, the Philippines is one of the most dangerous places in the world for journalists.
The following are some significant dates in the history of The Philippines:.
900AD . The earliest evidence of a Philippine language and the use of writing in the islands can be found in the Laguna Copperplate Inscription, which is primarily written in Old Malay.
the 11th century. - Some regions join China's tributary system.
13th century. - Indian cultural elements, including linguistic terms and religious customs, spread to the Philippines.
14th century. - The Sulu Archipelago is where Islam first spreads.
1542 . - A Spanish expedition takes possession of the islands and gives them the name Philippines in honor of the heir to the Spanish throne. Spanish rule for three centuries has failed to annex Muslim regions in the south.
1896-98. - Philippine Revolution: Filipino revolutionaries battle Spanish colonial authorities in an effort to secure the independence of the archipelago.
1897. - The Pact of Biak-na-Bato, which temporarily reduces, is signed by Spanish authorities and revolutionaries, and revolutionary officers exile themselves to Hong Kong.
1898 . - The US navy annihilates the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. Spain gives the Philippines to the US, who declares military rule and starts incorporating Muslim areas forcibly.
1898-1902. - Philippine-American War: Conflict develops after the US annexes the Philippines under the Treaty of Paris at the conclusion of the Spanish-American War, refusing to recognize the Philippines' declaration of independence. The war can be seen as a continuation of the Philippine Revolutionary War of 1896, which started the country's independence movement in the Philippines.
1916. - Jones Act, or Philippine Autonomy Act, which contains the first formal US declaration granting the Philippines eventual independence.
1935. - Commonwealth of the Philippines: The Philippines gains internal self-government, and US foreign policy is in charge.
1941-1945 . - During World War II, Japan occupies the Philippines, which the US eventually takes back after fierce fighting. The war claims the lives of over 500,000 Filipinos.
1946 . - The islands receive complete independence and are given the new name, Republic of the Philippines.
1942-1954. Former Hukbalahap or Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon ("People's Army Against Japan") soldiers rebelled against the Philippine government during this time. The Huk guerrillas fortified villages during the Japanese occupation as fortresses. Following 1945, the US-instigated disarmament and arrest of the Huks for alleged communist sympathies by the new Philippine government. In the 1950s, the uprising finally began to wane.
1965 . - Ferdinand Marcos is elected president; in 1972, he imposes martial law.
1983 . - Anti-Marcos attorney Benigno Aquino is killed at the airport in Manila as he makes his way home from exile.
1986 . - After claiming victory over Aquino's widow in an election that many people think was rigged, Marcos was overthrown in a "people power" uprising.
2001 . - A military-backed "people power" uprising drives out President Joseph Estrada.
2014. - A peace agreement is signed between the government and the rebel Moro Islamic Liberation Front, putting an end to one of Asia's bloodiest and longest-running conflicts.
2017. jihadists from the Islamic State launch an assault on Mindanao's Marawi city.
2022 . - The election of Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the previous dictator's son, as president.